Uber, US based cab hailing startup, has elected a new chief executive officer to lead the company. Dara Khosrowshahi, who has been the CEO of online travel business Expedia for the past 12 years has officially been offered the post as the new CEO of Uber.
Dara Khosrowshahi emigrated to the US in 1978 from Iran following the Iranian Revolution and took over the reigns of Expedia in 2005. Expedia, under his leadership, grew to become a $23 billion giant with a presence all across the world. The online travel business is known for their work life balance and diversity. According to company data, 51% of their US employees are female and 33% leadership roles are taken up by women. Khosrowshahi has agreed that the numbers, although compares well with their peers, are still not high enough.
Former CEO and cofounder of the company Travis Kalanick was asked to step down following the various scandals that surrounded the company. One of the allegations the company faced was discrimination against women at the workspace. Although Dara Khosrowshashi will be a step up from the former CEO, the bar set for diversity and inclusion is still very low considering the board was unable to hire a woman for the lead role.
In a press conference last year Khosrowshahi said they need to attract, hire, engage and promote talent of all kinds all around the world. “We believe that by enriching the diversity of our work force across all dimensions, including gender, we achieve the most enriched outcomes,” he added. Before Khosrowshashi, HP CEO Meg Whitman along with former GE CEO Jeffery Immelt were considered for the job. After Kalanick’s resignation, many hoped that the next CEO would be a woman, which would be a symbolic choice for a company that is grappling with its “bro” culture. Facebook’s Chief Operating Officer Sheryl Sandberg was also considered for the position as she takes a firm social standing on diversity and has the right leadership experience.
In recent times many women have come forward speaking out against discrimination and harassment in the tech industry with multiple leaders stepping down from their posts. India, which is the third largest startup ecosystem in the world, on the other hand, has been seeing an increase in women lead companies in the startup world such as Richa kar led Zivame, Suchi Mukherjee led Limeroad and Radhika Aggarwal led ShopClues. Anisha Singh who is the founder of MyDala.com will also be seen mentoring aspiring entrepreneurs on an upcoming reality show on MTV called Dropout. Indira Nooyi, born in Madras, is currently ranked as the 13th most powerful women in the world and heads the world’s second largest food and beverage company, Pepsi Co. Kiran Mazumdar Shaw is the chairperson and managing director of Biocon Limited, a Bengaluru based biotechnology company and is an independent director of IT giant Infosys.
Khosrowshahi, the soon to be former CEO of Expedia, which does not have a gender pay gap and women in its workforce earn $1 for every $1 paid to men in equivalent roles, will be tasked with turning around Uber’s culture, which has been called hostile to women. More than 20 employees were terminated from Uber as a result of an internal investigation with sexual harassment, bullying and retaliation as reasons for many of the firings. The internal investigation also released a 13 page report with recommendations on how to improve the way Uber treats its employees and police reckless behavior within the company. Khosrowshahi’s job would be to follow the recommendations to avoid any more scandals.
Leher Versus Clubhouse: Which Audio Listening Startup Would You Choose?
Clubhouse is a new type of social networking platform which is an audio only platform. This means every conversation takes place through audio where users speak to let their thoughts known. Users can create and host rooms where speakers will talk about a particular topic. Originating in the Silicon Valley, Clubhouse attracted some major names onto its platform like Elon Musk, Evan Williams, Reddit co founder Alexis Ohanian, former Y Combinator President Sam Altman, AngelList co founder Naval Ravikant, Ashton Kuthcer, Oprah Winfrey, Drake, Kevin Hart and many others are some of the influential personalities who are on Clubhouse. There is however a catch as Clubhouse is currently limited to iOS.
Leher is an Indian made alternative to Clubhouse and is a similar audio sharing and listening startup. Leher also has video support unlike Clubhouse and is also available for both Android and iOS. However, Leher does not have the biggest names in the world on its platform but it does have significant micro influencers and is growing at a rapid pace. Within 180 days of its beta version launch, the company claimed to have its users spend about 44 minutes every day and 250,000 minutes per month for live video sessions.
We at Startup Stories are curious to see which among Leher or Clubhouse would our readers choose to take part in a virtual discussion. Please let us know your answer in the poll below.
Why Are Ads On Digital Media Failing To Reach The Right Audience?
If you are a regular user of social media platforms and also a fan of consuming content on the digital medium, then there is a very high likelihood that you have seen ads on pages you are reading or watching something. There would be times when you have been targeted by an ad which feels like it was wrongly targeted at you. Imagine if you are a vegetarian by choice and while browsing online, if you are targeted by a food delivery app which shows ads about chicken dishes. The ad would only serve to spoil the mood of the online user instead of serving its actual purpose which is to push the user to buy a chicken dish.
These wrongly targeted ads might be the side effects of performance marketing or a weak brand marketing. Performance marketing means advertising programs where advertisers pay only when a specific action occurs. These actions can include a generated lead, a sale, a click, and more. Inshort, performance marketing is used to create highly targeted ads for a very specific target audience at a low cost. Performance marketing usually means high volume for a very specific cost.
Brand marketers on the other hand believe in narrowly defining target audiences but end up spending a lot of money on ad placements. Gautam Mehra, CEO, Dentsu Programmatic India & CDO, Dentsu International Asia Pacific said, “You’ve defined a persona, you know the emotions you want to elicit, but then you buy a YouTube masthead and CricInfo sponsorships because IPL is up. If brand advertisers look at audience-based buys more deeply than just placements, you will see more relevant ads (sic.)”
Performance marketing is more of a sales function rather than a marketing function and is about meeting the cost of acquisition. This is a reason why budgets are usually high for performance marketing. Mehra goes on to add, “the fact is that an engineer can out-beat FMCGs on performance marketing. Advertisers who have cracked this are spending 10x and are on an ‘always on’ mode (unlike time-bound brand campaigns.)”
There is always the case of supply and demand, with the supply usually exceeding the demand on digital platforms. Ultimately, it boils down to the choice between no ad versus low relevance ad and it is quite easy to guess that having a low relevance ad is better.
Arvind R. P., Director – Marketing and Communications at McDonald’s India (West and South,) said “McDonalds’ for instance, has seen its share of spends on digital grow from 20% levels a couple of years back to over 40% at present. Outcomes of this journey have been encouraging, proven by our media-mix-modelling and other key metrics. We have seen best results from an optimal mix of Television plus digital (sic.)” Moreover, Arvind also believes performance marketing only approach could turn out to be more suited to short term, versus a more consistent full funnel effort. The latter ensures adequate emphasis on building consideration, as well as growing transactions. Arvind feels digital is a complex medium which needs investment in the right talent who could use the right tools. Brands which underestimate the need for the investment are often disappointed from the return on investment from the digital medium.
With the constantly changing consumer dynamics marketers are now shifting to unscripted marketing which frankly needs more insights into the consumer mindset. The lack of marketers to do the proper research is why digital medium is plagued with irrelevant ads.
Facebook Launches BARS For Creating Raps To Counter TikTok’s Growing Popularity
Facebook is leaving no stone unturned to tackle the surging popularity of the Chinese video making app TikTok. As part of its redoubled efforts Facebook is launching a new app named BARS which could be used to create and share raps. The core idea behind the app is rappers could focus on creating content without having to worry about investing heavily in production and equipment.
Facebook said, “Audio production tools can be complicated, expensive and difficult to use. With BARS, you can select one of our professionally-created beats, write lyrics and record yourself dropping bars (sic.)” The company also added, “BARS auto-suggests rhymes as you’re writing to keep your flow going. You can also jump into Challenge mode and freestyle with auto-suggested word cues. Choose from a variety of audio and visual filters to take your creations to the next level (sic.)”
The app is now available in the Apple App Store in the United States of America. The invites for using BARS would be sent out in batches beginning in the USA and then expanded worldwide.
This would be the second app which Facebook is launching to counter TikTok’s growing popularity. Instagram Reels was the latest offering from the photo sharing platform Instagram (owned by Facebook) and was launched as a replacement for the video sharing application TikTok. TikTok was enjoying an unrivalled popularity in India as it became a means to keep boredom at bay during the nationwide lockdown which was imposed in light of the COVID-19 virus. However, the Indian government announced that it would ban 59 Chinese applications in which TikTok was one, along with WeChat, Helo, Cam Scanner and many others. This left a sudden void in video making applications, and Instagram realised the need for urgency to capitalize on this void. Therefore, Instagram immediately pushed their latest feature Instagram Reels which lets its users create 15 second videos with music from Instagram’s database. These videos look very similar to the ones made on TikTok and has gained a lot of popularity in India where Tik Tok continues to be banned.
ALSO READ: 4 Things To Know About Instagram Reels
Google also took advantage of the Indian Government’s ban of the viral application TikTok. Google introduced a new feature on YouTube called YouTube Shorts. The feature for all intents and purposes mimics the same features TikTok used to provide. The new feature mimics many of TikTok’s most popular features, allowing users to make and post 15 second videos with built in creative tools encouraging them to add licensed music and more.
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