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Facebook: All The Scandals Of The Past Year

Smruthi Kishore

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Facebook All Scandals Of Past Year,Facebook Data Leaks,Startup Stories,Technology News 2018,Startup News India,Facebook Scandals Past Year,Cambridge Analytica,Facebook Data Breach,Facebook Internal Struggles,Facebook Data Leaks Breach,Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg,Largest Online Social Media Platform

Facebook, in recent days, has been embroiled in scandal after scandal. On Wednesday, it was revealed that the initial numbers exposed by the Facebook data leaks were far higher than the 50 million declared by the social media platform. In fact, the numbers are closer to 87 million, a good 30 million more than the declared figures! However, with Zuckerberg’s confessions in front of the Congress, the other scandals Facebook has been going through has been brought to light.

1. Cambridge Analytica 

Cambridge Analytica, the political analysis firm, acquired the data of millions of Facebook users via an app created by a Professor at Cambridge. The data breach was considered a massive violation of information and was also linked to the 2016 Trump Presidential Elections. According to recently revealed reports, the analytics firm had used the revealed information to get an idea of the voters way ahead of the elections. The revelations sparked a massive reaction from the Senators in Washington. This, in turn, led to the #DeleteFacebook moment, with Zuckerberg being summoned to testify against the issue. After a long and omminous silence, he came forward and clarified all the questions posed by the members. The issue is still going on, without a clear idea on the resolve.

2. Retaining deleted videos of the users

One of Facebook’s responses to the Cambridge Analytica incident was to allow users to download their data archive on the social network in order for users to fully understand what information Facebook stores. This move inadvertently trigged more outcry when users discovered that videos recorded on the platform they had thought they had deleted were still present in Facebook’s archives. Facebook in turn, apologized and called the retention an unintentional “bug.” But the error will likely do little to reassure the public in the wake of a much larger ongoing scandal.

3. Facebook’s internal struggles 

When the entire date leaks breach happened, Andrew Bosworth, the Vice President of Facebook, said the growth of Facebook as a company was far more important than the breach of certain individual’s privacy. This sparked off a huge controversy, with Bosworth going on record to clarify that he didn’t mean what he said.

4. The Russian Meddling 

One of the dominant scandals of the 2016 Trump Presidential elections was the fact that Facebook had allowed the Russians to spread their political propaganda on the social networking site. Facebook had admitted last year that fake Russian accounts had been purchased for more than $ 100,000 in ads. Facebook was additionally implicated in its role of distributing misinformation, also known as “fake news,” from phony news sites, more often than not targeted at Hillary Clinton during the campaign, but rampant on both sides nonetheless.

5. Photo and link scan over messenger 

One of the other privacy infringements which came to light during the data leaks breach was the fact that Facebook scans images and links sent via messenger. According to the company policy, the policy is followed to make sure the content used is as per Facebook standards. While the practice may seem standard, users took offence to the policy as they felt it was an impeachment to their privacy rights. Facebook has said it is looking into the issue and will get it fixed as soon as possible.

With Mark Zuckerberg coming forward and saying he will address everyone’s concerns with what is perhaps the largest online social media platform, the issue looks to be resolved soon.

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Technology

Edtech Startups That Are Changing The Education Game

Smruthi Kishore

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With education being one of the most sought after fields for more than half the population of the country, it comes as no surprise that edtech startups are the next big thing of the startup world. While some coaching centers take a look at how to better education through the traditional way, others look at bettering with the help of technology. From education funding to facilitating better coaching methods, below are some startups that have completely transformed the education landscape of India!

1. BYJUS: The Learning App 

Founded in the year 2008 by Byju Raveendran, the app was created to help students train for competitive exams like CAT, JEE, IAS, GRE, and GMAT. The app came into the limelight when it secured an investment to the tune of $ 50 million from the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative and Sequoia Capital, among other investors. Using interactive videos, interactive learning concepts and personalised tutors, BYJUS aims at helping students learn by understanding and not by memorising what is being taught.

2. CultureAlley 

Founded  by Nishant Patni and Pranshu Bhandari, the CultureAlley website came into being when the two founders realised people wanted to learn new languages but found it really difficult to master a new task. The duo further realised that out of the 1 billion people trying to learn a new language, over 60% were actually struggling to learn English! With regular courses on grammar and English, the website is aimed at helping people get over the discomfort of learning a new language from scratch. The main goal of this app? To help people achieve what was thought to be impossible.

3. Embibe 

Founded by Aditi Avasthi, Embibe consists of a group of young thinkers who believe that in order to learn, every student deserves personal attention. An online website designed to make preparing for tests an easy task, Embibe works towards helping those preparing for the engineering examinations. Recently receiving attention for getting funding to the tune of $ 4 million from Kalaari Capital and Lightbox Ventures, Embibe works with to reduce the amount of pressure students face while working on some of the most exhaustive examinations during their student life.

4. Plastic Water Labs 

Based out of Bengaluru, Plastic Water Labs is unique in the sense that it aims at improving the quality of education by introducing the concept of virtual reality. Through virtual reality, Plastic Water Labs is working at helping students understand and retain information for longer periods of time. Currently focused on students belonging to the 6th grade to the 8th grade, Plastic Water Labs is working towards introducing virtual reality in the fields of mathematics and science, two of the toughest subjects students in these age groups have to deal with on a regular basis. With only a nominal subscription fee, Plastic Water Labs is working improving the quality of education as well as to make life easier for children prepping for the toughest times of their lives.

5. Simplilearn 

Founded in the year 2009 by Krishna Kumar, Simplilearn was started with the aim of helping working professionals. With more than 400 courses in multiple fields covering a wide array of subjects like IT, digital marketing, programming, big data, and analytics, Simplilearn gives you government recognised certificates for every course you have taken through the website. Since the time of its inception, more than 5,00,000 individuals have been certified!

From improving the kind of equipment available to increasing the scope of knowledge, startups everywhere are working towards the betterment of education through technology. If you think we missed out on any other edtech startups, comment and let us know!

 

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Google’s Founding Story And How It Became What It Is Today

Smruthi Kishore

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Google Founding Story And How It Became What It Is Today,Startup Stories,The History of Google and How It Was Invented,The story of how Google was founded & stands where it is,How we started and where we are today,Life and career of the Google founder and Alphabet CEO,How did Google become the world's most valuable company

Search engines and web domains have been around since the beginning of the internet. Despite being the most popular search engine now, Google has been around for a very short period of time. Here is how this search engine conglomerate was founded!

The beginning 

Like all love stories, Larry Page’s and Sergey Brin’s story had very troubled beginnings. The two met for the first time at Stanford University in the year 1995 and from the moment they locked eyes, everyone around knew trouble would follow. At the time, Brin was a second year student, whose job was to take potential students around campus and Page, an interested student, ended up in Brin’s group.

Walking up and down the hill, Brin and Page could not stop arguing with each other, constantly debating and fighting over everything from the weather to the historic places of San Francisco. Obnoxious, social and extremely opinionated, Page and Brin were poles apart in every way. What made them come together then? Their interests and desire to create a one of a kind search engine.

The first project 

Page and Brin were thrown together for the first time ever when they started writing the code for a search engine, then called BackRub, because of its ability to analyse backlinks. Despite the tumultuous relationship shared by the co writers, the code became a massive success. So successful was the project that it resulted in the creation of a research paper titled The Anatomy of a Large Scale Hypertextual Web Search Engine.

BackRub was unique in its functionality. By using an internally developed technology called PageRank, BackRub ranked a website’s importance by taking into account the number of pages on the website, the importance of the pages and the number of times they were linked to to the original site. The product was relatively successful but unfortunately, buyers were not interested in getting a product which was still in its initial stages. Finally, after multiple rejections. Brin and Page decided to innovate and create something new with (hold your breaths) Google!

The name that changed the world 

Page and Brin took inspiration for the name Google from Gogol and voila, the strategy worked! A new name and a new beginning was all the founders needed for Google to get the much needed investors. Sun Microsystems co founder Andy Bechtolsheim was so impressed that after a quick demo of Google, he told the pair “Instead of us discussing all the details, why don’t I just write you a check?”

Bechtolsheim’s check was for $ 100,000 (made out to Google Inc) giving Page and Brin the much needed push toward success. The first two weeks after the founders got the check was quite an iconic one. With more than enough money in the bank, the duo opened their first office in Menlo Park, California. Post that, Google.com, a search engine that answered more than 10,000 questions a day, was launched.

History was created 

Four years later, Page and Brin dropped the word beta from Google’s title and in 2001, Google finally filed and received a patent for its Ranking Technology! After that, there was no stopping Google and ever since, the search engine has changed the way the internet works. Interestingly, the first ever Google Doodle of the Burning Man was created to talk about the company’s motto, “Do No Evil.”

Google has come a long way, from being an accidental company to being one of the largest in the world. With exquisite patents to its name and extensive research at its hands, Google has definitely created a place for itself in the world of technology and innovation.

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Blockchain Technology And How It Works

Smruthi Kishore

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Blockchain Technology,How Blockchain Technology Works,Best Motivational Stories 2018,Best Startups in India 2018,Latest Startup News India,Startup stories,Blockchain Program,Economic Transactions,Blockchain Architecture,Digital Ledger Technology,Technology News 2018

If you have been living anywhere but in Antartica or under the rock for the past year (and surprisingly surviving,) then you most definitely have heard of blockchain technology at least once in your life. An innovation so great and bizarre, sometimes described as the next greatest invention after the internet, blockchain technology broke the web when it surfaced at the beginning of the year.

What is blockchain?

There are several definitions one can give to blockchain as a term. The most popular ones being the following:

a) Don and Alex Tapscott, authors of Blockchain Revolution, describe blockchain as, “an incorruptible digital ledger of economic transactions that can be programmed to record not just financial transactions, but virtually everything else.”

b) Steve Wilson of ZD Net described it as, “an algorithm and distributed data structure for managing electronic cash without a central administrator among people who know nothing about one another. Originally designed for the crypto-currency Bitcoin, the blockchain architecture was driven by a radical rejection of at (government-guaranteed) money and bank controlled payments.”

Complex to the very core, the only thing that comes out clearly from these definitions is that blockchain basically consists of digital ledger technology, which lets transactions be broken into individual ones. In simple words, blockchain is like your very own personal ledger which cannot be broken or looked into! You know like when you have a diary that keeps being read by other people? The creators of blockchain made this technology what it is today because it is protected by a unique distributed network.

What is the unique distributed network?

The creators of blockchain realised very early on that only having a strong sense of control was not enough to protect this new creation. They had to have backups (with backups for the backups) for when things go wrong, so that anonymity and information is not only protected, but secured as well.

Simply put, if you have digital money, you need a wallet. Unlike specific wallets like Paytm, blockchain technology is the publicly accessible digital wallet with unique individual identifiers. People who want to make transactions via blockchain need to send messages and in order to send these messages, the users need keys. To make sure no one else has access to these keys, the technology needs security, which comes in the form of cryptographic keys. These cryptographic keys are made by keygens, which use complex mathematical equations to ensure complete security. Thereby, through this process, blockchain is made extremely secure.

When I first heard the word blockchain, I did not really understand what it meant. There was so much ambiguity in the term for me that I had to do a lot of digging up and understanding! Hope this helped clear the air for you as well!

 

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