Clients. You know the ones who call you in the middle of the night or the ones who just forget you exist? From making you jump like a jack rabbit everytime your phone rings to making you wonder where they are, clients quite literally run your world. There are so many times you want to pull your hair out and yell your lungs out because they are either always up your case or just do not seem to care about their product enough. If you’re feeling alone in this myriad of constant confusion, then do not worry. We have your back. Here are the different types of clients and how you can deal with them without really losing your cool.
1. The “I want this yesterday” ones
Cannot start this list without these type of clients. You know, the ones who tell you about something today and expected it to be done yesterday? They work all day, everyday and expect you to as well. You would think they would stop working at 3 A.M. in the morning, but no. They will think of something they just want done then and will rush to call you without thinking of the time or anything.
While the effort they put into their work is commendable, it isn’t really a healthy lifestyle pattern for you. The solution here is painstakingly clear: set boundaries. Learn to say no. Switch your phone off and do NOT run to pick up every time you get a call in the middle of the night. Let the client know that during work hours, they may have your undivided attention, but your personal time is yours and yours alone!
2. The “I don’t know what I want, but this is not it” ones
These are the ones who know they have a specific idea in mind, but can never EVER tell you exactly what it is they want. They say one thing on call, but have a completely different input on mail, creating constant confusion for you and your team while doing this back and forth! Just when you send them something you think they will approve, they do a 180 degree turn and reject everything. NOT a fun client to work with, right?
The best way to deal with clients like this is to have everything on email the first time around. Send minutes of every conversation and make sure you get the client to acknowledge the mail. In order to ensure a smooth sailing discussion and timely completion of the task, take executive control in your hands and reject major course changing ideas. This helps in letting the client know you are at the top of your game and know exactly how to deliver what is required. A little time consuming, but an extremely effective workflow process!
3. The “I don’t care. You know what you are doing” ones
There is something to be said about clients like these. They give you the project and wash their hands off the entire approach. They just do not care about what you are doing, the kind of strategies you have and the kind of work being done. However, they will suddenly wake up and realise nothing is going according to their plan, thereby throwing you off course completely.
To avoid confusion from clients like this, make sure you have regular meetings. Ask for regular feedbacks on what you send to them and make sure you have everything on record. However, if they still do not listen to you and if the client is an important one, let your superiors know what is happening and take complete reins over the project. The effort you put is going to be long, but the end result is definitely worth the effort!
4. The “I don’t know what’s happening, the world is on fire” ones
This client thinks everything is an emergency for them. They think their house is on fire all the time and nothing you are doing is right. They are the kind who think their world will fall apart if you don’t do the work you are supposed to be doing and make your life difficult. If you are not at the top of your game, then nothing will go right.
To deal with these clients, make sure you keep them updated on what is going on and tell them what is happening with their project. This will help in letting them know their project is okay and you are there for them if they really do need you.
5. The “I am always going to doubt you, no matter what” ones
Sometimes, you deal with clients who work with you because they have no other choice. They fall under the skeptical radar and will always question you on what you are doing, till they think you have proven your worth to them! To make matters worse, they poke fires into things they have no business tampering with and make working with them nothing short of a painful experience. They think they can do the job better than you and will waste no time in telling you so.
Be straightforward with these clients. Tell them things point blank, without sugar coating the good news or the bad news. Think of the bigger picture, but also remember the process of achieving the end goal is important to these clients. Reply to questions they think are important and always keep them updated on what is going on with their project.
Repeat after me. You love your clients. They may drive you just a little over the edge, but they still give you new challenges on a regular basis. It is only when you have to deal with them on a regular basis is when you forget how much you cannot do without them in life. If you have other clients we missed out on that fall under the difficult bracket, comment and let us know!
How Does WhatsApp Generate Revenue
If you own a smartphone, there is a very high chance that you are a WhatsApp user. The simple and lightweight online messaging application has embedded itself into our lives and has become indispensable. Family groups, friend groups, office groups, play groups and many other groups like these see millions of conversations happening on a daily basis. But have you ever wondered how this leading online messaging application makes its money? There are no ads on WhatsApp and if that is the case from where does Whatsapp generate its revenue?
The answer to the question goes back to the beginning of WhatsApp which was founded by Brain Acton and Jan Koum, both of whom were ex- Yahoo employees. When Whatsapp was first developed and deployed for public use it became an instant hit with users but the founders quickly realised they required data centers to handle the huge volumes of data from the user conversations to keep WhatsApp running. So, they set a price of $1 for some countries and for some other countries it was free for the first year but charged $1 for renewal from the second year onwards. In short this was a subscription model and Whatsapp had 700 million users at the peak of this model which meant it was generating 700 million dollars in revenue.
Facebook ended up purchasing WhatsApp in 2014 for $ 19 billion but one of the founders Jan Koum decided to leave WhatsApp because of a disagreement with Facebook over its use of user data and its desire to allow advertisements on WhatsApp. Both the founders were vocal supporters of user data privacy. As of 2020, WhatsApp has over 2 billion users, the second largest user database after Facebook.
But How is Whatsapp generating its revenue now since there are still no ads on display in the mobile app. In a 2016 blogpost WhatsApp said “Starting this year, we will test tools that allow you to use WhatsApp to communicate with businesses and organizations that you want to hear from. The goal is to have people communicate directly with their banks, airlines, etc. over the app, while the businesses pick up the bill previously paid through subscriptions.” Facebook also uses the data from the user messages in WhatsApp to increase the reach of its ads on Facebook. However, a user has the ability to turn off the settings which allow Whatsapp to share the data with Facebook. According to a Forbes estimate, WhatsApp is generating a revenue of $ 5 billion at an average revenue of $4 per user.
Facebook is benefiting from Whatsapp by generating a huge wealth of consumer behavior data which inturn is being used to improve the ads on Facebook. WhatsApp has a growing revenue stream because of the new users it keeps adding to its database and still has a lot of room to grow.
How To Identify Your Target Audience
Startups are created when there is an existing problem which needs to be solved. Startups often spend years in moulding and creating a product or a service which aims to address a need or a problem. However, it can be easy to lose track of the end goal if the product or the service is not in the hands of the actual target audience. Target audience is a group of people you want to reach with your publication, advertisement (ads) or a message. For example ads related to non vegetarian food would not do any good if they are placed in areas with a high vegetarian population. Ads related to high end cutting edge computers would not do any good if they are not placed in areas which have a high density of industries. Simply put identifying a target audience will translate into sales for your product or service.
Target audiences can be identified by following three simple steps
1. Creating a customer profile:
The first step in identifying a target audience is to assign certain characteristic attributes to the audience which include
- Age: What is the age demographic that is most likely to use your product or service. This is important because customers across different age groups think differently, which would mean the marketing campaign needs to be tweaked accordingly.
- Gender: This is an important metric to be established because a product needs to be able to address these differences. For example, it does not make sense for a male grooming product to be advertised to the female gender.
- Spending Capability: The ability of a target audience to spend greatly affects marketing strategies. People who are able to afford spending luxuriously respond well to marketing campaigns which stress luxury and exclusivity. For example, OnePlus the mobile phone developer positioned itself as a flagship killer with the features of a flagship. It was able to appeal to the middle class spectrum which in turn translated into a huge volume of sales.
Other key characteristics can include marital status, geographic location, hobbies, interests and many more.
2. Conduct market research
A lot can be gleaned from conducting primary and secondary market research. Primary research involves learning about customer buying habits through direct contact like surveys, interviews and focus groups. This is why a lot of startups and businesses usually ask customers to answer survey questionnaires when they make a purchase. Secondary market research is a kind of a market research method that involves collecting information or data from secondary sources. This means a business collects and uses information that has previously been collected by some other person or entity. A simple example would be food delivery platforms like Swiggy and Zomato asking feedback about a recent food order. The purpose of this is to curate a better restaurant selection experience for you when placing a new order.
3. Observing competition
It is safe to say that no product or a service would be a monopoly as new players will keep on emerging in the market. It is always a good idea to know what your competitors are doing with their businesses. This would offer fresh insights related to your marketing strategy like what other offerings could be added to your portfolio, or how a marketing campaign can be changed to tailor the ever changing customer demands. Analysing a competitor can lead to valuable modifications to your offering and yield new business. An example here would be how Zomato acquired UberEats thereby making them the market leader in the food delivery industry in India. Previously Swiggy used to rule the market by holding a majority share in the market. Zomato realised that instead of putting in resources to penetrate the market, acquiring UberEats would give them the advantage. Zomato now holds around 50% of the market in the food delivery business in India.
Target audiences will need to be reassessed periodically on a regular basis. The customer profile needs to be refined regularly and the marketing campaign changed accordingly. As the market trends keep constantly evolving, one can stay ahead of the curve by doing their due diligence in gathering market research data. Start defining and understanding your target audience so that you can make the most of your precious time.
How To Ensure Team Meetings Are Productive During Work From Home Due To Lockdown
The entire world is currently battling its biggest threat so far, the Novel Coronavirus or COVID-19 virus. Businesses and corporate organizations were totally unprepared for the lockdown of entire countries across the globe, which is a consequence of the COVID-19 virus. The lockdowns were enforced as a desperate measure to curb the spread of the virus and give the healthcare infrastructure some amount of leeway to combat the virus.
However, companies and businesses adapted to the lockdown by enforcing a mandatory work from home option to ensure work stays on track. Working from home means having to balance both personal and professional lives at the same place and this can often lead to frustrating situations. Physical team meetings have now moved to virtual spaces where teams can catch up on targets and establish new targets. But virtual team meetings can sometimes drag onto a long time which leads to the decrease in the productivity of the meetings and also a waste of time.
There are however ways to ensure the virtual meetings and conference calls to stay productive and also to finish them efficiently in minimal times.
Equip the team with the right technology and tools
More often than not team meetings see a wastage of time during the beginning of the meets when everyone is joining the meet. Time is lost while checking for the quality of the video and audio and can often look disorganized. It is important to use the right tools or apps which are light and easy to use. Examples include Zoom, Google Meets and Hangouts or Microsoft Teams. Equipping the team with the right tools means the managers and the team stay on the right page.
It is important to spend some time before the meeting to prepare a list of questions and tasks that need to be addressed during the online meeting. This simple task will not only ensure that you stay on track during the meeting but also lets you get into the right frame of mind for the meeting. Any follow up questions can be compiled and can be asked in an email or in a one on one call.
Keep the time/time zones in mind
While scheduling a meeting, the time should be taken into consideration. No one likes to have a meeting early in the morning because it is a normal time in a different timezone. A meeting should be fixed so that everyone attending is comfortable which would in turn mean everyone would be able to participate efficiently.
Speaking over each other
While working remotely, one may not be able to see each other clearly either due to slow internet or bad hardware. There can be video and audio lags as well which would mean you might not be able to know when someone is speaking which would mean two people are speaking at the same time making the situation a little awkward. Therefore it is important to take a pause before speaking to check if someone else on the team is speaking.
Make the team meetings a regular part of the schedule
It is advisable to avoid ad hoc and impromptu meetings during remote working hours as it might disrupt an employee’s work flow. Agreeing on a time and schedule for a team meeting will also send an important message that other people’s time is valuable. Preparing for the meeting in advance also allows you to avoid potential connection issues.
As the large majority of the world is currently working from home, it would be safe to assume that a lot of roles would see the transition to remote work once lockdowns are lifted. However for the moment, it is important to remember that time is valuable and following the above mentioned points will help in improving the productivity of virtual team meetings.
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