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Types And Details About Corporate Loans




Types And Details About Corporate Loans

Guest post by Ashish Gupta

Corporate loans are loans that are taken for the purpose of business. There are many banks which provide corporate loans.  However, the eligibility criteria and the upper limit for the sanction of such loans would differ.  The loans are generally sanctioned for those businesses that have been in existence for at least 5 years and have been making profits for a period of at least 2 years before making such an application for the loan.  The funds of the loan when sanctioned can be used for long term as well as short term business expenses.

Corporate loans can be either secured or unsecured loans.  Secured corporate loans require collateral like business assets, for the sanction of the loan, and such collateral can be seized in case of non payment of principal or interest amount depending on the contract between the lender and the borrower.  On the other hand, unsecured corporate loans are those that do not require any collateral as such.  However, unsecured loans can be obtained only if the borrower has a good credit score.

Types of Corporate Loans

There are various types of corporate loans offered to be lent by financial institutions.  Few of them are:

  1. Term loan is a loan that can be secured for the purposes of buying property for business, or for buying new equipment with better technological advancement.
  2. Loans against securities are those where the borrower can obtain a loan by pledging securities like mutual funds, bonds, insurance policies, and any other securities of similar nature.
  3. Letter of Credit Facility and Bank Guarantee is when the bank acts as a surety for transactions made by the concerned person for business purposes.
  4. Cash Credit Facility is wherein the borrower can avail up to 70% to 80% of the value of assets that he/she pledges for business needs.
  5. Overdraft Facility is an offer by the bank to debit your current account beyond the money that is present in there. Such a facility is generally provided according to the assets pledged by the borrower.
  6. Channel Financing helps the distributors in obtaining the funding required for buying new equipment, tools and other items.
  7. Working Capital GST Corporate loans help in attaining quick cash on the basis of the applicant’s GST returns and also eliminates some cumbersome paperwork.
  8. Drop-line overdraft facility is where the lender deposits certain money in a separate account for the borrower, from which the latter can utilise business expenses.  The speciality of this kind of loan is that the borrower only needs to pay interest up to the amount of loan that has been used by him/her from the money deposited in the account.


The eligibility criteria for each financial or lending institution may vary according to their policies and rules.  However, few of the basic requirements that are necessitated by almost all lending institutions for availing a corporate loan are as follows:

  1. AGE: The applicant must at least be 21 years old, but less than 65 years.
  2. INCOME: The expected annual income of the applicant is generally Rs.1, 00, 00,000. However, some financial institutions may provide loans for a slightly lower income level as well.
  3. INCOME TAX RETURN: The income tax return for at least one year must be filed before applying for such a loan. Some lenders may even expect the applicant to have filed income tax returns for two years before applying for the loan.
  4. PROFIT: Most lenders require that the business must have made profits for at least 2 years before submitting the application for a corporate loan.
  5. CREDIT RATING: The applicant must have good credit ratings and credit score before making an application for a corporate loan, especially for those who wish to obtain unsecured loans.
  6. STABILITY: The history of the business is also looked into by financial institutions to know the stability and growth of the business. 

Documents Required

The documents required may also be subjective depending upon the lender.  However, few documents are fundamental that all lending institutions would need when an application for a corporate loan is submitted. They are:

  1. Permanent Account Number card, or the PAN card
  2. Identity proof
  3. Address proof
  4. Bank Statements for the past 6 months of one years
  5. Continuance proof of the business
  6. The latest Income Tax Returns which have been filed
  7. Other Documents like the certified copies of Memorandum of Association and Articles of Association of the company, or a declaration of sole proprietorship or partnership deed.

Things to consider before applying for a corporate loan

  1. CREDIT SCORE: The applicant must check his/her credit score before applying for such a loan, as credit scores would drastically affect the availability of a loan.
  2. INTEREST RATE: It is important to analyse the interest rates of each bank to ensure that more of the profits in business do not end up getting spent for interests.
  3. TENURE: The tenure of the loan is another important aspect that needs to be considered and analysed for the benefit of the applicant’s business.  If the applicant knows that more profits can be made quickly, then he/she must opt for a shorter term of repayment of loan.  On the other hand, if the applicant is aware that the business might not make profits immediately, then it is better to opt for a long-term loan.
  4. FILING INCOME TAX RETURNS:  The applicant must ensure that the ITR has been filed for at least 1 or 2 years before applying for a corporate loan.
  5. OTHER ALTERNATIVES: The applicant must consider other feasible alternatives than loans while in need of funds for business. For instance, if the business is a registered company, then alternatives such as shares, and debentures must also be considered.

Term of repayment for corporate loans

The term for repaying corporate loans depends on the contract between the lender and the borrower, and the kind of loan that has been secured by the borrower.  The repayment period of some corporate loans may be about 12-48 months, or it can even extend up to 5 years.


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Six Innovations By Elon Musk




Six Innovations By Elon Musk

Elon Musk is perhaps the boldest business leader, thinker and entrepreneur of this generation.  Elon Musk dabbled in multiple ventures over the years and most of them might seem like they are straight out of a storybook.  Elon Musk’s perseverance to achieve his dreams have paid off and he now owns several highly successful companies.  Elon’s ambitions are bold as he is determined to send humans to Mars, offer highly subsidised or free internet to the world and develop the world’s fastest mode of transportation with his ventures.  

We give you six innovations conceived by Elon Musk which prove he is a true visionary.

1) Tesla

Tesla is a car manufacturing firm which mainly focuses on cars which run on electricity powered by batteries.  The company name Tesla, is a tribute to Nikola Tesla who was an electrical engineer.  Elon Musk’s Tesla pioneered the concept that electric cars can look and feel like premium cars as well as powering their vehicles with powerful artificial intelligence which lets its drivers to sit back and relax while the autopilot does the driving.  Tesla cars are only sold online as Elon Musk believes a traditional dealership will have conflict of interests while selling electric vehicles.  Tesla is the first automaker that sells cars directly to consumers while the rest use independently owned dealerships.

2) SpaceX

Space X is perhaps the most ambitious undertaking by Elon Musk as he believes colonising Mars is the future of humankind.  SpaceX is also short for space exploration and has drastically reduced the costs of undertaking space missions as Elon Musk figured out a way to reuse the rockets.  Unlike most rockets, which are expendable launch systems, since the introduction of the Full Thrust version, Space X’s Falcon 9 is partially reusable, with the first stage capable of re entering the atmosphere and landing vertically after separating from the second stage.  This feat was achieved for the first time by SpaceX in December 2015.  A 2011 NASA report “estimated that it would have cost the agency about US $ 4 billion to develop a rocket like the Falcon 9 booster based upon NASA’s traditional contracting processes while “a more ‘commercial development’ approach might have allowed the agency to pay only US $ 1.7 billion (sic.)”

3) Hyperloop

Hyperloop aims to be the provider of the fastest mode of transportation on the planet.  Hyperloop is a sealed tube or system of tubes with low air pressure through which a pod may travel substantially free of air resistance or friction.  The Hyperloop could convey people or objects at airline or hypersonic speeds while being very energy efficient. In aerodynamics, a hypersonic speed is one that greatly exceeds the speed of sound, often stated as starting at speeds of Mach 5 and above.  Mach 1 is the speed of sound which is 1234 kmph.  The Hyperloop Genesis paper conceived of a hyperloop system that would propel passengers along the 350-mile (560 km) route at a speed of 760 mph (1,200 km/h), allowing for a travel time of 35 minutes, which is considerably faster than current rail or air travel times.

ALSO READ: Five Interesting Facts About Elon Musk’s SpaceX 

4)  Starlink

Starlink is a satellite constellation being constructed by SpaceX  to provide satellite Internet access.  The constellation will consist of thousands of mass produced small satellites in low Earth orbit (LEO,) working in combination with ground transceivers.  SpaceX intends to provide satellite internet connectivity to underdeveloped areas of the planet, as well as provide competitively priced service to urban areas.   

5) Boring company

The Boring Company is a tunnel services company and Elon Musk cited difficulty with Los Angeles traffic and limitations with the current two dimensional transportation network as his early inspiration for the project.  Musk claims the tunnel trip will take five minutes, compared to above ground driving which takes 45 minutes in normal traffic to go from LAX to Westwood.  These trips were planned to be implemented by placing a car on an electric sled and traveling at 120 miles per hour (200 km/h) through tunnels.

6) Neuralink

Neuralink is a neurotechnology company founded by Elon Musk for developing implantable brain machine interfaces.  Neuralink announced it was working on a “sewing machine like” device capable of implanting very thin (4 to 6 μm in width) threads into the brain, and demonstrated a system that read information from a lab rat via 1,500 electrodes.  The company is centered on creating devices that can be implanted in the human brain, with the eventual purpose of helping human beings merge with software and keep pace with advancements in artificial intelligence.  These enhancements could improve memory or allow more direct interfacing with computing devices at broadband speeds.

While some of the companies and their vision might seem far fetched, Elon Musk is adamant on making them a reality.  Elon Musk and SpaceX successfully made history as being the first private organization to transport astronauts to the International Space Station (ISS.)  The entire operation from launch to docking at the ISS has been live streamed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and was watched by millions from all over the world.  Neuralink’s progress was displayed recently as a pig named Gertrude had a chip implanted in her brain which tracked her neural activity and was publicly displayed to everyone.  

We at Startup Stories hope Elon Musk will continue to push the boundaries of science and imagination for as long as he can and make an indelible impact on humanity.

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TVS Motor Story : A True Blue Indian Motorbike Company




TVS Motor Story : A True Blue Indian Motorbike Company

India as a nation has a preference for choosing a two wheeler over a four wheeler.  It is quite easy to see the Indian roads packed with motorcycles and mopeds zipping away and snaking their way through the notorious Indian traffic.  Almost every household has some form of a two wheeler at home which they use for travelling with whole families .  The entire two wheeler market segment is flooded with gearless mopeds like Activa, Jupiter and budget geared vehicles like Passion, Splendor and Victor.  There is a vehicle for every economic requirement in India.  

The Indian market is majorly ruled by Honda, Bajaj and TVS all of which have a plethora of models available for the market.  Let us take a look at the story of TVS Motors, a true Indian company which makes vehicles for the Indian sensibilities.


T.V. Sundaram Iyengar began with Madurai’s first bus service in 1911 and founded T.V.S., a company in the transportation business with a large fleet of trucks and buses under the name of Southern Roadways.   This is also the first company to run buses in Delhi and with their large number of buses, TVS quickly began to rule the transportation market in Delhi.  After the death of Sundaram Iyenger in 1955, his sons took over the business.

Sundaram Clayton:

In 1962, Sundaram Clayton came into existence.  This company was a collaboration of the Sundaram company and Clayton Dewandre Holdings of the United Kingdom.  Sundaram Clayton started making products like motors, bike brakes, compressors and other automotive products.  For about a decade, the company was engaged in the same work , they were manufacturing automotive products.

In 1978, they set up a plant to manufacture mopeds at Hosur, Tamil Nadu.  They began with TVS50 which was also India’s first two seater moped.  Sundaram Clayton then entered into a collaboration with Japan’s Suzuki Limited as a joint venture in 1987.  TVS and Suzuki shared a one year long relationship that was aimed at technology transfer for design and manufacture of two wheelers specifically for the Indian market.  TVS Suzuki introduced many models such as the Suzuki Supra, Suzuki Samurai, Suzuki Shogun and Suzuki Shaolin.

After a fruitful relationship, the collaboration finally came to an end in 2001 following which TVS signed a moratorium for 30 months during which Suzuki promised not to enter the Indian market with competing two wheelers.  TVS was then renamed to TVS motors.

Recent Past

TVS Motors entered the racing bike category with the Apache model and the budget and mileage friendly segment with the Jupiter series.  In early 2015, TVS Racing became the first Indian factory team to take part in the Dakar Rally, the world’s longest and most dangerous rally. TVS Racing partnered with the French motorcycle manufacturer Sherco, and named the team Sherco TVS Rally Factory Team.

In 2016 TVS started manufacturing the BMW G310R, a model co developed with BMW Motorrad after their strategic partnership in April 2013. 

TVS Motors also has a list of firsts in India which is to be the first to indigenously produce a four stroke motorcycle.  The list of firsts from the firm include: India’s first 2 seater moped – TVS 50, India’s first Digital Ignition with the TVS Champ, India’s first fully indigenous motorcycle – Victor, and the first Indian company to launch ABS in a motorcycle with the Apache RTR Series.

TVS Motors is currently the third largest motorcycle company in India with a revenue of Rs. 20,000 crores.  With a strong history and a proven track record for innovation and its commitment to making the lives of Indians better, TVS Motors will only look forward to releasing more models into the market and become the market leader in India.


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Storage For Rent: This Startup Idea Is Seeing A Huge Demand During COVID-19 Pandemic




Storage For Rent: This Startup Idea Is Seeing A Huge Demand During COVID-19 Pandemic

If you could travel six months back in time and tell yourself how the world would look now, you might have dismissed it as a hoax.  The world changed suddenly when the COVID-19 virus broke out and started spreading across the world.  The virus which manifests in the form of a flu before attacking the respiratory system currently has no vaccine.  This forced governments across the world and India included, to enforce a strict mandatory nationwide lockdown.  

The lockdown was initially announced in India for just three weeks and many businesses and startups never expected it to go beyond a month.  However, the lockdown is still continuing albeit with a few relaxations, but many industries continue to be badly affected by it as they saw zero revenue in the last three months.  Many organisations and businesses have made the shift to remote work as their offices remain to be closed for fear of contracting the COVID-19 virus.  

As software companies continue to declare work from home for the foreseeable future, many employees are looking to return back home from technology hubs like Bengaluru and Hyderabad so as to save money on huge rents in the metropolitan cities considering their offices are not opening anytime soon.

ALSO READ: How The Events Industry Is Impacted By The COVID-19 Pandemic

This is where a unique concept where companies offering storage spaces for long term rent is seeing a huge spurt in demand.  As software employees in Bengaluru are slowly vacating their accommodations to move back home in order to save on rental expenses, they have no place to store their personal belongings.  Firms like SafeStorage, Storagians, StowNest Storage and MyRaksha, which provide the service (storage for rent,) have seen a spike in clients and quotation requests.  Even some gyms and restaurants, both of which are yet to reopen completely, are offering their facilities for storage in order to reduce their own rental expenses.

ALSO READ: How The COVID-19 Pandemic Affected Startup Investments And  IPOs In 2020

These storage firms offer facilities like pickup services, CCTV monitoring and individual locker facilities apart from providing insurance coverage against theft, natural calamities and fire.  Ramesh Madisetty, co founder of SafeStorage, says “We have 13 warehouses with 1.16 lakh sq ft space in Bengaluru.  We have signed up for another 27,000 sq ft facility near Whitefield.  There is a 10x jump in enquiries due to Covid-19 , from 30 to 300 now (sic.)”

Another company named Storagians, which offers storage for rent in Bengaluru has already run out of storage space and are having to turn away customer requests.  Prasanna Kumar, founder of Storagians says “Unfortunately, we are turning down customers’ requests due to the non availability of slots sic.)”

The average monthly rent is based on the volume of goods.  While goods accommodated in 1BHK are charged a monthly rental of Rs. 2,500-3,500 and it will be Rs. 4,500-5,000 for 2BHK.  As more and more enterprising people are embracing this concept, many others are racing against time to get their own facilities up so they can offer storage space for rent.  This concept will continue to see a huge demand as long as companies keep working remotely.

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