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The Apple Revolution

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Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak were perhaps two of the biggest innovative thinkers the world has ever seen. Their vision was so futuristic, one could only stand in awe and watch them create history. Jobs and Wozniak were first introduced to each other way back in the year 1971, by Bill Fernandez, who went on to become one of the first Apple employees. They became really close because of their shared love for technology and of course, pranks.

In fact, the two did not join forces for technology, but for their shared love for out of the box pranks. They would create extraordinarily provocative art which ended up being displayed at a graduation ceremony. They went so far as to almost be able to call the Pope in Vatican.

Eventually, like everyone else, the two pranksters grew tired of their ways and decided to focus on their love for technology like they had planned. Their first groundbreaking entry into the world of innovation was by creating “blue boxes,” a system which enabled people to make long distance calls for free.

In 1975, the two Steves attended the Homebrew Computer Club together, a computer hobbyist group which gathered at California’s Menlo Park. It was here, Woz first saw the MITS Altair, which today looks like little more than a box of lights and circuit boards. The two were inspired by the build it yourself approach followed by MITS (the Altair came as a kit) to make something simpler for the rest of the world. This philosophy continues to shine through in Apple’s products even today.

The first Apple computer, Apple 1, was created by Woz as a means of competition to show off what he could do with such limited resources. However, little did Woz know that Jobs would like the archetype so much, he would use it for all future Apple products. Woz built everything at Apple with his own hands and he wanted to actually sell the devices for a little more than the products used to build the devices.

However, Jobs had a bigger (and better) plan for Apple altogether. Jobs cracked a deal with the Byte Shop in Mountain View to supply it with 50 computers priced at $ 500 each. This meant, once the store had taken its cut, the Apple 1 sold for $ 666.66. The legend is that Wozniak liked repeating numbers and was unaware of the ‘number of the beast’ connection.

The Byte Shop was going on a limb for Jobs and Wozniak. The fact was, neither did Apple Computers Inc., have the resources to fulfill the order, nor did they have enough Apple I computers. A bank turned down their request for a loan and even the $ 5,000 they received from a friend’s father was not enough to fund the project. In the end, it was Byte’s purchase order that sealed the deal for the Apple founders. Jobs was banking on this order to see them through the end of the project. While the project went through, this risk taking factor became the main reason for one of the first employees of Apple to quit.

Despite the fact that only 200 Apple 1 computers were produced, the success in itself was so high, the team was able to bankroll the Apple 2 project. Once developed, this piece of technology, worth a little over $ 100, was selling a piece of hardware worth ten times that much. This in itself was uncharted territory for Apple as a company. Unfortunately, even with the right software, the Apple 2 could not have been a huge success as it did not adhere to the Company’s already established high standards.

More importantly, Apple 2 was the first computer to use colour graphics in the right way. Apple had designed a computer which embodied what we came to expect of desktop machines through the 1980s, 1990s and the first few years of this century. This was the beginning of everything, before Apple turned things on its head again and moved increasingly toward sealed boxes without the option for internal expansion.

The Apple 1, 2 and 3 were text based machines. The stupendous success of these two brilliant geniuses had left everyone wondering about the future of the Company. They did not have to wait long. Jobs desperately wanted to do something innovative and he got his break when working with the Lisa. From there on, he went on to create the Macintosh, which in itself was a massive revolution.

However, the original Macintosh required a lot of renovations needed to make it a success. For instance, it did not have an internal hard drive and this was cited as a massive problem. After several tweaks and modifications, the Macintosh 2 came into being. This was a massive success instantly at the time of its launch, beating Microsoft, which was the best selling software at the time.

Apple progressed through the years in leaps and bounds. Despite having lost one of the original founders (Ronald Wayne,) Woz took forward the Apple tradition by creating something truly brilliant. From just being a contraption of sorts, Apple products progressed to something far more sophisticated and sleek. Each design was worth taking note of and keeping a watch on the market and the market trends. From the Apple 1 versions, to the iPods and the iMacs of the current world, Apple has come a long way.

Through the years, Apple grew to expand its range of products and with a primary focus on design and technology. Post the stupendous success of the iPods, apple realised a lot of its future success was riding on the kind of products it would launch next. Launching the first ever iPhone on 29th June 2007, Apple created a massive revolution that was considered not only the best by the rest of the world but also by Times, who called the iPhone “The World’s Greatest Invention.” From the first ever phone introduced, Apple had no turning back and since then, has introduced not one, but ten iPhones and through the years, became the first ever company in the world to be valued over a trillion dollars!

Take a moment to ponder about this fact. If Woz and Jobs had not joined the computer club back in the day, then we would not have the empowering technology we have today.

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Facts about SpaceX

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From making history to planning on building a colony on Mars, SpaceX has achieved a lot in the field of space exploration and transportation services. An idea which only existed in a kid’s mind is now a multi million company and its still growing. Elon Musk has a dream to land on Mars and he found a way to make it happen.

Founded on 6th May, 2002, SpaceX came a long way crossing milestones and making history. From just an idea to a full fledged space transportation services company, here are a few facts about SpaceX.

1. SpaceX was the first private company to successfully launch, orbit and recover a spacecraft.

In December 2010, the operational Dragon spacecraft was launched aboard the Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) Demo Flight 1, the Falcon 9’s second flight, which safely returned to Earth after two orbits, completing all its mission objectives, making it the first private company to do so!

2. SpaceX was the first private company to send a spacecraft to the International Space Station(ISS).

In December 2012, Dragon became the first commercial spacecraft to dock with and deliver cargo to the International Space Station. It has since conducted regular, resupply services to the ISS.

3. Falcon was the first privately funded liquid propellant rocket by SpaceX to reach the earth’s orbit.

On 28th September, 2008, the Falcon 1,  a small rocket capable of placing payloads weighing several hundred kilograms into low earth became the first privately funded, liquid fueled rocket to do so.  Space X successfully launched this project into low Earth orbit for U.S. $ 90 million.

4. SpaceX achieved the world’s first reflight of an orbital class rocket.

On 30th March 2017, SpaceX’s Falcon 9, was launched into space for the second time after April 2016, when it carried out a space station cargo launch for NASA. This was indeed a historic milestone for SpaceX!

5. SpaceX is currently the world’s largest producer of liquid fuel rocket engines.

SpaceX currently manufactures three broad classes of rocket engine inhouse: the kerosene fueled Merlin engines, the methane fueled Raptor engines and the hypergolic fueled Draco/SuperDraco vernier thrusters, making it the world’s most prolific producer of liquid fuel rocket engines.

6. SpaceX was the first private company to send a human rated spacecraft to space.

On March 9th 2019, history was created once again as SpaceX launched its spacecraft, Dragon 2, for its first orbital test. This spaceflight was an uncrewed mission, but capable of sustaining life,  arrived at the ISS a little over 24 hours after the launch.

7. SpaceX used the same launch complex as Apollo 11.

In 2017, SpaceX became a part of a long space tradition when its Falcon 9 rocket took off from Launch Complex 39A at the Kennedy Space Center, where the Apollo 11 moon mission began.

8. SpaceX also manufactures spacesuits for its astronauts.

SpaceX doesn’t only make big spacecrafts or supplies cargo to the ISS but is also partnering up with NASA to create specialized spacesuits!  SpaceX says that safety and comfort will be among the specialties of these suits.

9. SpaceX offers astronaut taxi services to NASA.

NASA astronauts are taken to space using SpaceX spacecrafts. This is part of NASA’s Commercial Crew Program which cuts down dependency  on space agencies like Russia’s Roscosmos.

10. SpaceX knows how to travel in speed!

SpaceX claims that they can transport passengers over a distance of 620 kms in just 45 mins, that would usually take over 24 hours by bus. This could be possible through Hyperloop, which is still in its design stages.

SpaceX has not stopped evolving and has conquered many stages of space exploration. The journey does not stop here for SpaceX and in the years to come there would be many more interesting facts.

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Different Types Of Management Styles And How They Work

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Like everything else in life, leadership styles are learnt and honed through different stages of work. Every leader has developed, through the years, a certain style of management and leadership, which sets them apart. No matter how successful you are as a manager, here are  a few different types of management styles every great leader follows without realising:

1. The Autocratic Leader

The most common type of leader, Autocratic  leaders are those who make decisions without input from people around them. If the decision made is the right one, the response is positive. However, this rarely is the case and most decisions taken without consultations are perceived negatively. While not useful for most work environment, this style comes into play when firm decisions need to be made.

2. The Consultative Leader

Unlike the Autocratic leader, Consultative  leaders make decisions after consulting with those around. One of the primary advantages of this type of leadership is that it instills loyalty in the employees. Not only does the leader confer with those important, it helps in improving the focus  of the business. However, while this type of leadership does have its fair advantages, the negatives lie in the fact it results in employees becoming more dependent on the leader. Furthermore, those who feel left out of the consultation process end up leaving when not consulted.

3. Persuasive

Unlike the  Autocratic and the  Consultative type of leadership, Persuasive  leaders work as a combination of the two other forms. Despite consulting the employees, this type of leader convinces the people on  his or her team about why the said decision needs to be made. The primary drawback to this type of leadership is that employees tend to feel alienated because of their leaders focus more on persuading rather than actually taking feedback. Like the Autocratic leadership style, this  method should also be used quite sparingly.

4. Democratic

Just like its name, the Democratic style of leadership is that which has a combined decision making effort between the leader and the team. This essentially means  while the leader does take a final call on what’s happening, a voting system is followed. From the manager to the employees, everyone is involved in taking a call on what’s going to be done, thereby letting people realise they have a say in what’s going on in the company. While this style does work when it comes to taking major decisions, it does have a drawback because of the amount of time which goes on in the voting process.

5. Laissez Faire

The Laissez Faire type of leadership is the exact opposite of an Autocratic style of leadership. With this style, employees have the complete authority to take the decisions they see fit and the management is seen more of a mentor than a leader. One of the most preferred styles of leadership, this one helps in streamlining work and maintaining  an environment free of hostility, at the workplace.
Every leadership style has it own advantages and disadvantages. What style would you choose? Comment and let us know!

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OnePlus 7 And Everything You Can Expect

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OnePlus has been on a roll lately. While its recently launched OnePlus 6T is still making quite a buzz, rumours of a new phone from the series, the OnePlus 7, have started doing the rounds. Here is everything we can expect from the brand new OnePlus 7!

1. Design

Picture credits: Indianexpress.com

Like every other phone from the series, the new phone is going to adapt a new design as well. According to the rumour mill, the OnePlus team is going to create a slide mechanism to hide the front camera. The advantage of this? It allows for a full screen display, without any notches hindering the user experience. While other phone makers have adopted this technique, this is the first time a design like this will be seen in a OnePlus phone.

2. Triple rear camera

Picture credits: slashgear.com

One of the supposed new additions to the OnePlus 7 is a triple rear camera. A popular feature in other high end smartphones, the OnePlus is going to include 48, 20 and 5 megapixel cameras, while the front is likely to have a 16 megapixel camera. Moreover, a leaked image of the new phone shows a cutout hole protruding from the top edge. This could also signify the presence of a pop up selfie camera in the new OnePlus phone, a feature present in the Vivo Nex and Oppo F11 Pro.

3. Specifications

Picture credits: theinquirer.net

According to the leaks, the new OnePlus 7 phone is going to come with either an 8 GB or a 12 GB RAM. Furthermore, the Company is planning to ditch the wireless charging feature for this phone. Why? Because the cable being used is of an inferior quality and at this point, OnePlus doesn’t want to use anything that isn’t less than perfect. Incidentally, since its decision to give up the fast charging wire has been confirmed, OnePlus said, the new phone is most likely going to come with a 4,000 mAH battery with fast charging. People are also likely have the choice of getting a phone with either 128 GB or 256 GB internal space.

4. Pricing

Picture credits: theindianwire.com

According to the rumour mill, the new phone is going to cost around $ 549! While the new phone may be a little steep as compared to the other phones from this series, it is still cheaper than phones like the Samsung Galaxy S9 and Note 9.

While no clear indications have been given about the launch of the new OnePlus phone, the specifications definitely look exciting! What is the feature for which you are looking out the

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