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The Apple Revolution

Smruthi Kishore

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Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak were perhaps two of the biggest innovative thinkers the world has ever seen. Their vision was so futuristic, one could only stand in awe and watch them create history. Jobs and Wozniak were first introduced to each other all the way back in the year 1971, by Bill Fernandez, who went on to become the first Apple employee. They became really close because of their shared love of technology and of course, pranks.

In fact, the two did not join forces for technology but for their shared love of out of the box pranks. They would create extraordinarily provocative art which ended up being displayed at a graduation ceremony. They went so far as to almost be able to call the Pope in Vatican.

Eventually, like everyone else, the two pranksters grew tired of their ways and decided to focus their love on technology like they had planned. Their first ground breaking entry into the world of innovation was by creating “blue boxes,” a system which enabled people to make long distance calls for free.

In 1975, the two Steves attended the Homebrew Computer Club together; a computer hobbyist group that gathered in California’s Menlo Park. It was here, Woz first saw the MITS Altair, which today looks like little more than a box of lights and circuit boards. The two were inspired by MITS’ build it yourself approach (the Altair came as a kit) to make something simpler for the rest of the world. This philosophy continues to shine through in Apple’s products even today.

The first Apple computer, Apple 1, was created by Woz as a means of competition to show off what he could do with such limited resources. However, little did Woz know that Jobs would like the archetype so much, he would use it for all future Apple products. Woz built everything at Apple with his own hands and he wanted to actually sell the devices for a little more than the products used to build the devices.

However, Jobs had a bigger (and better) plan for Apple altogether. Jobs cracked a deal with the Byte Shop in Mountain View to supply it with 50 computers priced at $ 500 each. This meant that once the store had taken its cut, the Apple 1 sold for $ 666.66. The legend is that Wozniak liked repeating numbers and was unaware of the ‘number of the beast’ connection.

The Byte Shop was going on a limb for Jobs and Wozniak. The fact was, Apple Computers Inc., did not have the resources to fulfill the order neither did they have enough Apple I computers. A bank turned down their request for a  loan and even the $ 5,000 they received from a friend’s father was not enough to fund the project. In the end, it was Byte’s purchase order that sealed the deal for the Apple founders. Jobs was banking on this order to see them through the end of the project. While the project went through, this risk taking factor became the main reason for the first employee of Apple to quit.

Despite the fact that only 200 Apple 1 computers were produced, the success in itself was so high, the team was able to bank role the Apple 2 project. Once developed, this piece of technology, worth a little over $ 100, was selling a piece of hardware worth ten times that much. This in itself was uncharted territory for Apple as a company. Unfortunately, even with the right software, the Apple 2 could not have been a huge success as it did not adher to the company’s already established high standards.

More importantly, Apple 2 was the first computer to use colour graphics in the right way. Apple had designed a computer that embodied what we came to expect of desktop machines through the 1980’s, 1990’s and the first few years of this century. This was the beginning of everything, before Apple turned things on its head again and moved increasingly towards sealed boxes without the option for internal expansion.

The Apple 1,2 and 3 were text based machines. The stupendous success of these two brilliant geniuses had left everyone wondering about the future of the company. They did not have to wait long. Jobs desperately wanted to do something innovative and he got his break when working with the Lisa. From there on, he went on to create the Macintosh and that in itself was a massive revolution.

However, the original Macintosh required a lot of renovations needed to make it a success. For instance, it did not have an internal hard drive and this was cited as a massive problem. After several tweaks and modifications, the Macintosh 2 came into being. This was a massive success instantly because at the time of its launch, beating Microsoft which was at that time the best selling software.

Apple has progressed through the years in leaps and bounds. Despite having lost one of the original founders, Woz took forward the Apple tradition by creating something truly brilliant. From just being a contraption of sorts, Apple products progressed to something far more sophisticated and sleek. Each design was worth taking note of and keeping a watch on the market and the market trends. From the Apple 1 versions, to the iPods and the iMacs of the current world, Apple has come a long way.

Take a moment to ponder about this fact. If Woz and Jobs had not joined the computer club back in the day, then we would not have the empowering technology we have today.

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Entrepreneur Stories

Influencer Marketing And Its Relevance In Today’s Marketing World

Smruthi Kishore

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At the very basic sense of the term, influencer marketing is a phrase that came from old and new forms of marketing. While digital marketing in itself has come a long way from the initial days, this field has now branched into a new form of marketing, influencer marketing. With more than 1.2 billion people always scrolling through the different social media platforms, influencers and influencer marketing has grown to become an important marketing technique. In the present world of digitization, this is why influencer marketing has become such a necessary tool.

1. Targeted development of brands

One of the major advantages of influencer marketing is that it is targeted toward specific brands and specific audiences. Every time you see an influencer endorsing a product you do not necessarily know about, your interest in the said brand is instantly piqued and through that, your desire for finding out more. With specific endorsements, influencer marketing helps in spreading the word to a larger audience and in attracting more people with similar interests.

2. Transparent and effective

By using dynamic influencers and engaging stories, brands are constantly increasing the kind of effect this content has. Furthermore, by using social media to the most of its abilities, influencers use these platforms to redirect customers to their websites. With a unique collaboration of the old and the new, existing and emerging brands are constantly reinventing themselves as a source for new material on a regular basis.

3. Making direct measurement

Instagram recently introduced a new analytics features. This new analytics feature lets brands track performances on a weekly basis and lets owners track data according to very specific KPIs. Also, guided measurements like these help brands and agencies in creating a streamlined process for delivering their content to the world. Further, influencers can also track the kind of response they are getting from the brands as well.

4. Influencer marketing adds credibility to the brand

How many times have you looked at an influencer endorsing a product and realised that the brand they are promoting could actually be of value to you? Time and time again, when you see new faces on the internet clubbed with already known faces, your faith in the credibility of these brands increases. As a user, you are subconsciously drawn into looking at what they are, even if you don’t invest in them.

5. Your brand is introduced to the world as a leader

While this may not be from the perspective of a consumer, when you connect your brand with an established and innovative celebrity, it gives your company an edge over others in the market. Celebrity and influencer endorsement like this says you, as a company, are a trendsetter even before you make it big in the world. Further, consumer studies show that more than 85 % of the world finds new brands through social media and through the celebrities they follow.

Digital marketing is no longer just restricted to one form of getting the word out about your brand on the internet. With influencer marketing becoming increasingly popular, there are now different methods to promote the visibility of your brand. If you think we missed out on any other reasons as to why influencer marketing is important, comment and let us know!

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Women Leaders Who Are Changing The World

Smruthi Kishore

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Women are taking over the world one position at a time and in the last few years, it comes as no surprise that there are more women in influential roles now, as compared to the last few years. Here is a list of women who are ruling the startup world and the tech world by being really great at their job.

1. Sheryl Sandberg

There are several reasons why Sheryl Sandberg is one the most powerful COOs Facebook has ever had. Working closely with Mark Zuckerberg, Sheryl always promoted gender equality in the workplace and became a strong force to be reckoned with by always encouraging women. So powerful was Sandberg’s 2013 Ted Talk speech, that her line “Lean In: Women, Work, and the Will to Lead,” inspired the formation of an organization called Lean In. Apart from partnering with influential companies to spread the voice of women, Lean In also helps empower women and realise their ambitions. Sheryl Sandberg has always been very vocal about her concerns and through the years, she has proven how you can get things done if you really want to make something happen.

2. Kiran Mazumdar Shaw

While an entire company stands in awe of the greatness that is Kiran Mazumdar Shaw, not many know, this lady became the CEO of Biocon without wanting to be one. In fact, she has gone on record and said Biocon was formed as a result of all the gender bias Shaw went through during the early parts of her life. Now, nearly 45 years later, Biocon has grown from just being an enzyme manufacturing company to being the most successful biopharmaceutical company in the country. Helping people fight a wide range of diseases from cancer to diabetes, Shaw made sure Biocon helps in curing ailments which are otherwise extremely harmful.

3. Indra Nooyi 

Recently retired after a long and successful reign as the CEO of Pepsico, Indra Nooyi is an inspiration to women all over the world. What made Nooyi so great as a CEO was how effectively she handled her personal and work life. Her motto to achieve success was never taking work back home and to always focus on the main task at hand, a principle which made her reach the CEO position within a couple of years. Her success and dedication to work was so great, she was included in Forbes’s list of ‘Most Influential Women’ in 2008! One of the reasons for her stupendous rise to success was the strong work life balance Nooyi maintained throughout her life, never letting one take over the other.

4. Arundhati Bhattacharya 

The first woman to head State Bank of India, the largest public sector bank in India, Arundhati Bhattacharya was instrumental in bringing about a large number of changes in banking. Working toward making the life of women better, not just in the corporate world, but in the other walks of life as well, Arundhati Bhattacharya has lived her life to the fullest, giving everyone around her major life goals!

5. Oprah Winfrey

Growing from having nothing to her name to having the world respecting and knowing her, Oprah Winfrey has come a long way! Now known for being the first African American woman billionaire, Oprah has been popular through the years for hosting a talk show which looks at helping people all over the world. After she started making her opinion public, Oprah grew to become one of the most influential women in the world by accepting her past.

It is now the time of women to come to the top and stand apart from the crowd. If you think there are other women who need to be mentioned on this list, comment and let us know!

 

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Richard Branson Life Lessons

Smruthi Kishore

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Sixty eight, rich and successful, Richard Branson has taught people the way to live life is either king size or not at all. An owner of 500 companies, with a personal wealth of over $ 5 billion, Branson has given life lessons that are extraordinarily amazing. Here’s looking at some of the things the man behind Virgin Atlantic has told and taught the rest of the world.

1. Your age doesn’t define you 

When Branson left school at the age of 16 to start his first ever magazine, little did he know he had sowed the seeds for a successful life. Over the years, with each of his ventures becoming a bigger and bigger success, Branson realised he had a lot to learn and a long way to grow. Soon enough, he understood age was just a number and to get ahead, one needed to work extremely hard in life.

2. it is important to enjoy every moment of life 

The moment you start enjoying what you do, the results are immediate and instantly seen. Branson loves everything he does and with the success one sees from these ventures, he has clearly applied this principle in life. In fact, when he started Virgin Atlantic, the principle of this company was to make shopping fun and through the years, one can see how closely he has followed this particular theme!

3. Realise you are not doing anything wrong by working for free

Without realising it, when you work for free, you are broadening your horizons to things you did not think were possible. In fact, when Virgin Records started recording music, the first thing they did was to let multi instrumentalist, Mike Oldfield, use their recording studio for free. Soon after his record dropped, Mike became a sensation and Virgin Records became home for all musicians.

4. You learn when you do things 

Without a journalism degree (or any other kind of degree, for that matter,) Branson started his magazine company to a whopping success right just by learning on the job. Learn through the mistakes and grow with them. The more you grow, the more you learn not just from your business, but also from the people around you. However, while it is okay to learn from your mistakes, it is important to know you aren’t making the same ones over and over again.

5. It is okay to take risks 

Never one to wait for things or one who had the patience for things to happen for him, Richard Branson believes in taking risks by the horns and running with them. Make sure you throw yourself deep into the work you do and when you take risks, you know the results are going to be what you want. Incidentally, one of the major risks Branson took ended up in him having to mortgage his house.

An owner of a host of extremely successful companies and a yacht, Richard Branson clearly knows how to live life well. If you have learnt anything else from this great man, comment and let us know.

 

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