Nokia, a mobile manufacturing company with a Finnish origin, was at the top of its game. Their phones were affordable, made for people of all age groups and were easy to use. With so much going for them, it came as a major shocker to see the Company failing so miserably, Here’s taking a look at the rise and fall of Nokia, a company which started off not as an electronics and telecommunications company, but as a paper mill!
The beginning of Nokia
The beginning of Nokia can be traced back to the year 1865. Back then, this Finnish company was into paper making. The first paper mill was a massive success and by 1960, the Company branched out to electronics. From developing a special radio phone for the Army to creating a new range of electronics, Nokia grew steadily and quickly. Over the next few years, the Company kept adapting to change and by the dawn of the 20th century, Nokia started moving away from the pulp industry and created the first ever car phone! Nokia’s foray into the world of mobile phones started when Jorma Nieminen, fondly known as the Father of the Finnish Mobile Industry, decided to change the course of the company.
Jorma created the need of carrying phones outside their house, a thing which wasn’t considered feasible till the idea was presented. The first phone was manufactured at the meager cost of a 100 pounds and over the years, the Company kept adapting to a point where people slowly got convinced they needed a new version every few years.
The growth of Nokia in the world of phones
By the year 1979, Nokia entered a joint partnership with Salora (a leading Scandinavian colour TV manufacturer) to create a radio telephone company called Mobira Oy. Together with Salora, Nokia launched the first ever international cellular system called the Nordic Mobile Telephone network. Creating a link between Sweden, Denmark, Norway, and Finland, this network enabled international conversations and increased communication between people.
Through the years, Nokia acquired not only Salora, but other companies as well, giving the manufacturing company the edge it needed to push toward something bigger and better. The first ever mobile handset by Nokia, called Mobira Cityman 900, was brought to life in the early 1990s. Despite weighing over 800 grams and costing close to $ 5,456, this mobile phone sold like crazy!
The change in Nokia’s strategy
Despite the massive success of the first handheld phone by Nokia, the company saw a lull in its profits. By the 1990s, the Nokia team realised the time had come to change the course of their plan by creating phones which blended with the times. In 1992, the first GSM Nokia phone, called Nokia 1011, was launched and immediately, the Company realised they had made it to the big leagues!
While the 1990s saw the rise of a new series of phones (the most popular one being the Nokia 6100,) the initially years of the next decade saw Nokia branch out into a new world. Making the most of the wireless technology boom at the time, Nokia won people all over the world by promising them an amazing experience. Perhaps the phone which propelled Nokia to the top was the Nokia 7650. Released in the year 2001, this was the first ever phone in the world with a built in camera!
The gradual decline from fame
Within the first few years, Nokia’s profits started sky rocketing and the company kept expanding its services to a whole new place. At its heart, Nokia was always a hardware company and despite all its efforts to stay ahead of the game, it didn’t realise the growing effect the touchscreen phenomenon was having on the rest of the world! To add to the bag of ever growing troubles, faulty batteries made Nokia recall an entire shipment of phones, a move which resulted in a 30 % dip in sales!
Although the 90’s were Nokia’s rise to fame, the year 2007 saw a steep decline in Nokia’s profits. In 2009, the Company posted its first ever quarterly losses. With other companies like Apple and HTC upping their game in the face of competition, Nokia wasn’t sticking to the trends which were being followed by other people at the time.
By 2011, Nokia was struggling to make its presence felt in a market being taken over by other big wigs. The first partnership between Nokia and Microsoft saw the team give the world the Lumia series, a feeble attempt of overpowering the Android and the iOS trend. However, the Lumia series failed take make a mark.
With no other way out, Nokia decided the time had come to sell. In the year 2013, the hardware department of Nokia was acquired by Microsoft, a move which did not help Nokia regain its foothold in the market. Soon, Nokia faded into the background. However, post a very public take over by HMD Global, the Company is all set to make a grand come back in the world of smartphones!
Sundar Pichai To Lead Alphabet Inc As New CEO
Sundar Pichai is all set to lead Alphabet Inc., the multinational conglomerate parent company of Google. Pichai was the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of Google since 2015 and now, he will also lead Alphabet Inc.
On the 3rd of December, Larry Page, the co founder of Alphabet Inc., stepped down as the CEO handing over the position to Sundar Pichai. Alphabet, which emerged in 2015 as a result of restructuring of Google, currently owns more than 12 companies, including Waymo, Malta, Makani, X Development, Calico, the healthcare software company Verily and others.
Larry Page and Sergey Brin, the co founders of Google, wrote a blog post speaking about their decision of moving out of the company, instating Sundar Pichai the CEO of Alphabet.
Larry Page showed his confidence in Sundar Pichai, who has been leading Google as the CEO since 2015. Page said, “We’ve never been ones to hold on to management roles when we think there’s a better way to run the company. And Alphabet and Google no longer need two CEOs and a President. Going forward, Sundar will be the CEO of both Google and Alphabet (sic.)”
Though Larry Page and Sergey Brin resigned from their respective posts of CEO and President, they would still remain on the Board of Directors of the Company.
Born and brought up in a middle class family in Madurai, Tamil Nadu, Sundar Pichai completed his education from IIT Kharagpur and Stanford University. Later, in 2004, Pichai joined Google marking the starting point of his successful career. Sundar Pichai gained success after creating and executing the Google Chrome project, which is now the world’s most used web browser.
In the letter, Larry Page and Sergey Brin addressed Sundar Pichai praising his efforts, abilities and contribution to Google. “Sundar brings humility and a deep passion for technology to our users, partners and our employees every day,” they added.
The cofounders also mentioned Pichai worked for the growth and development of Google and Alphabet for 15 years, through the formation of Alphabet, as CEO of Google, and a member of the Alphabet Board of Directors.. They are confident Pichai would lead Google and Alphabet with great passion.
Speaking about the blog and the role, Sundar Pichai tweeted
I’m excited about Alphabet’s long term focus on tackling big challenges through technology. Thanks to Larry & Sergey, we have a timeless mission, enduring values and a culture of collaboration & exploration – a strong foundation we’ll continue to build on https://t.co/tSVsaj4FsR
— Sundar Pichai (@sundarpichai) December 4, 2019
Twitter users congratulated Sundar Pichai for becoming the CEO of Alphabet Inc. Hours after the big announcement, the shares of Alphabet Inc., rose by 0.64 % to 1,303 dollars.
From a small company in 1998 working out of a dorm room and a garage to a multinational conglomerate, the journey of Google and Alphabet has been incredible. Watch the biography of Larry Page on our YouTube Channel
Wharton Graduate Eric Tse Becomes Billionaire At 24
Eric Tse, a Wharton graduate, was gifted $ 3.8 billion by his parents in the form of 2.7 billion shares of his parents’ company, Sino Biopharmaceutical Limited.
It was also reported along with the gift, Eric Tse was also promoted to the position of executive director at Sino Biopharmaceutical, after working at the Company for 1 year. As the executive director, Eric Tse will have a salary of $ 498,000 annually plus bonuses.
Now, Forbes lists Eric Tse as the 546th richest person in the world. Moreover, Bloomberg also reported the shares transferred to Eric Tse are equivalent to 21.45 % of the Company’s share capital.
Tse Ping, Eric’s father, founded the billion dollar company Sino Biopharmaceutical in 2000 and serves as the CEO of the Company. Cheung Ling Cheng, Eric Tse’s mother, also serves as the Vice Chairperson of Sino Biopharmaceutical. Theresa, Eric’s older sister, who is currently the Company’s Chairperson, owns 11 % of the Company.
According to a statement released by Sino Biopharmaceutical, the shares were transferred to Eric Tse in an effort to refine the management of the Company and the inheritance of the family wealth. The statement also added the board of directors believe the transfer of shares will not have any material impact on the business operations of the Company.
Eric Tse, who majored in Finance at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, was also the co founder of the Penn Wharton China Summit. The non profit organisation grew to become America’s largest student organized summit in China.
Despite the sudden increase in wealth, Tse expressed his wish of not wanting to participate in wealth ranking.
Huawei Unknown Facts
Huawei is the world’s largest manufacturer of telecommunication equipment. The Company was founded in 1987 by the 42 year old Ren Zhengfei. Considered one of the world’s largest technology brands, Huawei was valued at $ 105.1 billion in 2018. Here are a few unknown facts about this tech company.
Unknown facts about Huawei
1) Founder Ren Zhengfei came up with the name Huawei after coming across the phrase ‘Zhonghua youwei,’ which meant ‘China has promise.’
2) The name Huawei can be quite difficult for non Chinese people to pronounce. Huawei is pronounced as ‘Waa wai,’ but Huawei’s pronunciation varies by countries. This led the Company to launch a name recognition campaign, where they used “Wow way” to encourage a pronunciation closer to the actual one.
3) Huawei puts more focus on Research and Development (R and D,) with more than 40 % of the Company’s employees working in the R and D department.
4) Huawei’s Ox Horn Campus is famous for its European style architecture. Based in Guangdong, the R and D campus consists of 12 small ‘towns,’ modeled after famous European cities like Paris, Granada and Bruges. The research buildings of every ‘town’ are a replica of popular castles, palaces and many more.
5) Huawei’s 5G tech played a big part in the world’s first remote brain surgery. Dr. Ling Zhipei performed the brain surgery on a patient suffering from Parkinson’s disease. The surgeon operated on the patient, who was 3,000 km away from him, by manipulating surgical instruments with the help of a computer and 5G network. After the success, Dr. Zhipei credited Huawei’s 5G technology for ensuring a nearly real time operation.
6) In the tech industry, Apple is considered a direct rival of Huawei. However, this rivalry did not stop Huawei founder and CEO Ren Zhengfei from using Apple products. Zhengfei considers Apple’s iPhone the best phone in the world and revealed his family prefers Apple’s products over Huawei’s.
Did you find any of these unknown facts interesting? Comment below and let us know.
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