India is home to millions of businesses and over the years some of these businesses evolved into some great brands. Some of these brands are beloved by Indians of all ages while some brands have gone on to achieve greatness in the international arena and established India as a hotspot for technology and talent resources. Let us take a look at ten Indian brands which have been around so long that they are household names.
When you think of dairy products in India, Amul leads the race and is the face of Indian dairy products. Amul was founded in 1946 as Kaira District Milk Union Limited and was later renamed to Amul which is a co-operative dairy society based out of Anand, in Gujarat. Amul is responsible for the Indian White Revolution, which established India as the leading country in producing dairy and milk products. Amul is easily recognisable by its mascot ‘Amul Girl’ which is a hand drawn cartoon of a young Indian girl dressed in a polka dotted frock with blue hair and a half pony tied up.
Millennials would recall fond memories of eating Parle-G biscuits in the evenings along with a hot cup of chai or coffee. Parle was established in 1929 by the Chauhan family in Vile-Parle, Bombay during the British Raj rule. The biscuit manufacturing began in 1939 and once India gained its independence, Parle began marketing its glucose biscuits as an alternative to the British biscuits. Today, Parle-G is easily recognised by its white and yellow packaging and the image of a young girl. The reason why Parle-G is so popular is because of its price tag which makes it affordable for all economic sections of the society. Another well known Parle product is the Mango Flavoured Beverage, Frooti.
Indians are known for their love for consuming snacks and the variety of products available in the supermarket shelves are a testimony to the love Indians have for their snacks. However, Haldiram’s brand rules the roost as one of India’s favourite snack brands. Haldiram’s was founded in 1941 at Bikaner, Rajasthan. Haldiram’s has over 400 products and Its product range includes traditional namkeens, western snacks, Indian sweets, cookies, sherbets, papads and pickles. Haldiram’s products are available in more than eighty countries worldwide and are hugely popular with the Indian diaspora.
Wipro was founded in 1945 by Mohamed Premji and used to stand for Western India Palm Refined Oil Limited. Wipro was initially set up as a manufacturer of Vegetable and refined oils. However, after the founder Mohamed Premji passed away, his son Azim Premji took over the reins and made the company into what it is today. During the 1970s and 1980s, the company shifted its focus to new opportunities in the IT and computing industry. Today, under the leadership of Azim Premji, Wipro diversified into personal care, health care, lighting, furniture, Digital strategy, IT services, Consulting and Outsourcing.
Aditya Birla Group:
The Aditya Birla Group is one of India’s oldest brands and was founded in 1857 by Seth Shiv Narayan Birla. Adita Birla Group holds many of India’s famous brands like Pantaloons, Vodafone Idea, Aditya Birla Capital, Hindalco Industries and Ultratech Cement which is India’s leading cement producer. Aditya Birla’s Portfolio includes Agribusiness, Carbon black, Cement, Chemicals, Finance, Mining Metals, Retail, Pulp & Fibre, Telecommunications, Textile, Wind power.
Tata Group is another of India’s oldest brands which was founded in 1868 by Jamsetji Tata. Tata Group began as a trading company and has since then diversified into almost every major industry. Some of the major brands and holdings in Tata Group portfolio include Tata Chemicals, Tata Communications, Tata Consultancy Services, Tata Consumer Products, Tata Elxsi, Tata Motors, Tata Power, Tata Steel, Voltas, Tata Cliq, Titan, Trent (Westside), Taj Hotels,Taj Air, TATA AutoComp systems Ltd, Vistara,Tanishq and Jaguar Land Rover.
Reliance Industries was established in 1973 by Dhirubhai Ambani and initially began as a textile trading company. However under the leadership of Dhirubhai Ambani and his sons Mukesh and Anil Ambani, Reliance Industries is one of India’s largest conglomerates which has a diverse portfolio in multiple industrial sectors. The major industries Reliance operates in are Petroleum, Natural gas, Petrochemicals, Textiles, Retail, Telecommunications, Media, Entertainment, Music and Banking.
Infosys was founded in 1981 by Narayan Murthy and his group of friends in Pune. Infosys was one of the first Information Technology companies to begin in India and over the years has established itself as one of the leading IT companies in the country. Today, Infosys is the second largest IT company in India after Tata Consultancy Services (TCS.) Infosys had a total of 243,454 employees at the end of December 2019 and also owns the world’s largest corporate university located in Mysuru where employees are trained.
The name Mahindra is usually associated with Indian automobiles and to be more precise heavy automobiles like agricultural tractors. Mahindra Group was established in 1945 at Ludhiana, Punjab by Jagdish Chandra Mahindra, Kailash Chandra Mahindra and Malik Ghulam Muhammad. Following the Indian partition in 1947, Malik Ghulam Muhammad left for Pakistan where he became the first Finance Minister. Today Mahindra Group has subsidiaries which are categorized into six main business units which are Automotive, Farm Equipment, Infrastructure, Trade and Financial Services, Information Technology and Automotive Components.
Bajaj Group: The name Bajaj is usually associated with two wheeler automobiles, finance and electronics. However, Bajaj Group has a large number of holdings in various industrial sectors in India. Bajaj Group was founded in 1926 by Jamnalal Bajaj and was headquartered in Mumbai. Kamalnayan Bajaj, the eldest son of Jamanalal Bajaj, expanded the business by branching into manufacture of scooter, three wheeler, cement, alloy casting and electricals. Today, the Bajaj Group has holdings in Automobile, Financial, Services, Home Appliances, Electrical, Iron & Steel and Insurance.
Let us know if we have missed any such iconic long standing Indian brands and we would cover them in another article!
Top 10 Richest Women In India
India has a wealth of diverse talent and has produced some great leaders and business persons. Brand names like Reliance, Tata, Wipro and Aditya Birla are household names and are also known across the world. Women in India have been confined to their houses while men used to earn income in the olden days but, times are changing as women are challenging the societal norms and have also proved they are as capable as men. Indira Nooyi, Kiran Mazumdar Shaw and Chanda Kocchar have given women hope that they can achieve should they set their minds on the goal.
India has its own share of billionaires or ‘crorepatis’ but let us have a look at the list of top ten richest women in India.
1) Roshni Nadar:
Roshni Nadar is the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the information technology giant HCL and has a net worth of INR 36,800 crore. Roshni Nadar is the only daughter of Shiv Nadar and is also the vice chairperson of HCL Technologies. Roshni Nadar is the richest Indian woman and tops this list.
2) Smita V. Crishna:
Smita V. Crishna owns one fifth of the Godrej Group along with her brothers. Smita has a net worth of INR 31,400 crore and stands second on the list.
3) Kiran Nadar:
Kiran Nadar is the wife of HCL founder Shiv Nadar and has an estimated net worth of INR 25,100 crores. Kiran Nadar stands third on the list of India’s richest women.
4) Kiran Mazumdar Shaw:
Kiran Mazumdar Shaw is the founder of the giant bio pharmaceutical company, Biocon Limited. Kiran Mazumdar Shaw has an estimated net worth of INR 18,500 crore and stands fourth on the list of India’s richest women.
5) Manju D. Gupta:
Manju D. Gupta is the chairman of Lupin Ltd., which is one of India’s leading pharmaceutical companies. She has a net worth of INR 18,000 crores and is India’s fifth richest woman.
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6) Leena Gandhi Tewari:
Leena Gandhi Tewari is the chairman of USV Pvt., Ltd., a company which focuses on biotechnology and pharmaceutical supplies. Leena Gandhi Tewari has an estimated net worth of INR 13,200 crores and is the sixth richest woman in India.
7) Vembu Radha:
Vembu Radha is the product manager at Zoho and is responsible for the guiding Zoho Mail to a prime position in the software and services industry. Radha has an estimated net worth of INR 9,900 crores and is the seventh richest Indian woman.
8) Nilima Motaparthy:
Nilima Motaparthy is a board member of Divis Laboratories based out of Hyderabad. Nilima is also on the boards of ten other companies and has an estimated net worth of INR 9,800 crores and is the eighth richest Indian woman.
9) Jayshree Ullal:
Jayshree Ullal owns 5% stocks in Arista Networks, a San Francisco based company. Jayshree Ullal has an estimated net worth of INR 9,800 crores and is the ninth richest woman in India.
10) Sangita Jindal:
Sangita Jindal is the chairperson of JSW foundation and is part of Jindal Group which is a market leader in metals and mining industry. Sangita Jindal has an estimated net worth of INR 9,600 crores and is the tenth richest Indian woman.
Let us know if we missed any other India’s richest women!
Top Ten Brands Owned By Pepsico
Pepsi with its iconic red and blue logo is one of the most well known brands in the world. Pepsi has a presence in almost every country on the planet and along with rival Coca-Cola, accounts for the majority of soft drinks and beverages sold in supermarkets. Pepsico was originally used to be called as Pepsi-Cola and the change to the new name only happened when a merger between Pepsi-Cola Company and Frito Lays took place in 1965. However, Pepsi did not just become a leading Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) brand in the world with just its soft drink brands but rather with making clever brand acquisitions over the years.
Here are the Top Ten Brands owned by Pepsico which are famous in their own right
The original Pepsi product behind the iconic brand is a carbonated soft drink developed in 1893 by Caleb Bradham as Brad’s Drink and was later renamed to Pepsi-Cola in 1898.
Mountain dew is another iconic carbonated and caffeinated soft drink well known for its citrus flavour and its fluorescent green packaging. Mountain Dew was developed in the 1940’s and its formula was revised over the years with the final revision happening in 1961 after which Pepsi acquired the brand.
Lay’s is the leading manufacturer of packaged potato chips in the world. Lay’s has been owned by PepsiCo through Frito-Lay since 1965. Each country has its own local flavoured Lay’s potato chips which are based on popular flavours relevant to the country.
The name Quaker immediately brings to mind the famous breakfast food, Quaker Oats, which is a leading cereal and breakfast food brand in the United States of America. Quaker Foods has been owned by Pepsico since 2001.
Gatorade is a famous sports drink which was originally made by the University of Florida for Gators, its athletic team, to replenish the carbohydrates that the school’s student athletes burned and the combination of water and electrolytes that they lost in sweat. The Gatorade brand was purchased by the Quaker Oats Company in 1983, which, in turn, was bought by PepsiCo. An interesting fact is Pepsico purchased Quaker Foods primarily for the Gatorade brand.
Tropicana is a famous bottle fruit juice beverage and was founded in 1947 before being acquired by Pepsico in 1998. Tropicana is hugely famous for its Orange juice which is easy to find in retail stores across the world.
7 Up is another iconic carbonated soft drink brand which has a lemon-lime flavoured base and is a non-caffeinated drink. 7 Up is also considered as a direct alternative to Coca-Cola’s Sprite drink. 7 Up is famous for its brand mascot, Fido Dido.
Aquafina is a purified bottled water product which is owned by Pepsico. Aquafina FlavorSplash is a flavoured, non carbonated and artificially sweetened line of products which come under six flavours. Aquafina competes directly with Coca-Cola’s Dasani brand of bottled water.
Cheetos is a famous brand of snacks manufactured by Frito Lay’s and is a hugely popular American snack. Cheetos is known for its Flamin Cheetos which formed the basis for the Kurkure brand which is widely popular in India and owned by Pepsico.
Doritos are flavoured tortilla chips sold in packets by Frito Lays. The original Doritos were not flavored. The first Doritos flavor was Toasted Corn, released in 1966, followed by Taco in 1967 and Nacho Cheese in 1972.
Let us know if we missed any more famous brands owned by Pepsico and deserve a mention in this list.
Who Are The World’s Richest Women?
There is no doubt once the COVID-19 pandemic passes over and the dust settles down, there is going to be redistribution of wealth in the world! The list of the world’s richest people will keep seeing continuous changes and perhaps even some names as the economies across the world are tanking and people are changing their spending habits and patterns. The COVID-19 pandemic has severely crippled several industries but, the automobile industry is the worst hit with some countries like India seeing almost zero sales for almost a quarter of the year.
Women have also long been running business empires over the years and have proved they are no less than their male counterparts. We have seen Alice Walton of the Walmart family and the L’oreal heiress Francoise Bettencourt Meyers feature on the list of the World’s Richest Women consistently over the years. Let us take a look at the World’s Richest Women of 2020
The daughter of the Walmart founder, Sam Walton, Alice takes the top spot as the World’s Richest Woman with a whopping estimated net worth of $54.4 billion.
Francoise Bettencourt Myers:
Francoise Bettencourt Myers is the heiress to the beauty and cosmetic product market leader L’oreal. Francoise sits second on the list with an estimated net worth of $48.9 Billion. The COVID-19 pandemic has affected L’oreal shares as they shrunk by 12% which led to Francoise Bettencourt Myers losing the first place on the list of the world’s Richest Women.
Julia Koch is the newest entrant to the list of the richest women, when she and her three children inherited a 42% stake in Koch Industries, after the demise of her husband David Koch in 2019. Julia Koch has an estimated net worth of $38.2 billion and is the third richest woman in the world.
Mackenzie Bezos is another newest entrant to this list of the world’s richest women after her divorce with tech mogul Jeff Bezos last year. Mackenzie Bezos has an estimated net worth of $36 billion and is the fourth richest woman in the world.
Jacqueline Mars comes from the family which owns the widely popular Mars candy and the family which developed the popular M&M’s . Jacqueline Mars’s estimated net worth is $24.7 billion and is the fifth richest woman in the world.
The thirty eight year old Yang Huiyan owns 57% of the Hong Kong based real estate developer Country Garden which was founded by her father. Yang Huiyan has an estimated net worth of $20.3 billion and is the sixth richest woman in the world.
Susanne Klatten owns stake in the German automobile company BMW and also owns a pharmaceutical company Altana. The COVID-19 pandemic meant car sales slowed down which led to BMW’s stake to fall 24% in the first half of March, 2020. Susanne Klatten has an estimated net worth of $16.8 billion and is the seventh richest woman in the world.
Lauren Powell Jobs:
The widow of the founder of tech giant Apple, Steve jobs, Lauren Powell Jobs owns an estimated net worth of $16.4 billion. Lauren Powell Jobs is the eighth richest woman in the world.
Zhong Huijuan is the chairman of the leading pharmaceutical company, Hansoh Pharmaceuticals which makes oncology, psychoactive, anti diabetic and other drugs. Zhong Huijuan has an estimated net worth of $14.6 billion and is the ninth richest woman in the world.
Gina Rinehart is one of Australia’s richest people and is the majority stakeholder in mining company Hancock Prospecting. Gina Rinehart has an estimated net worth of $13.1 billion and is the tenth richest woman in the world.
This list has been compiled based on the data from Forbes Billionaire list of 2020.
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